Religious Convergence in the Ancient Mediterranean


Sandra Blakely, Emory University; Billie Jean Collins; Amelia R. Brown; Rebecca Smith; Rossella Giglio; Margaret M. Miles; Sarah Morris; Lorenzo Nigro; Francesca Oliveri; Susanne Görke; Amir Gilan; Mary R. Bachvarova; Annick Payne; Sebastiano Tusa; Christopher Athanasious Faraone; Adriano Orsingher; José Miguel Puebla Morón; Federica Spagnoli; Louis A. Ruprecht; Ian Rutherford; Virginia R. Herrmann; Aaron Beck-Schachter; Irene Polinskaya; Kevin Dicus; J. B. Rives; Elisabeth Rieken; Elisabeth Rieken


This volume brings together scholars in religion, archaeology, philology, and history to explore case studies and theoretical models of converging religions. The twenty-four essays presented, which derive from Hittite, Cilician, Lydian, Phoenician, Greek, and Roman cultural settings, focus on encounters at the boundaries of cultures, landscapes, chronologies, social class and status, the imaginary, and the materially operative. Broad patterns ultimately emerge that reach across these boundaries, and suggest the state of the question on the study of convergence, and the potential fruitfulness for comparative and interdisciplinary studies as models continue to evolve.


  • Abbreviations
  • Contributors
  • Introduction
    Sandra Blakely
  • Guardian Goddess of the Surf-Beaten Shore
    The Influence of Mariners on Sanctuaries of Aphrodite in Magna Graecia
    Amelia R. Brown, Rebecca Smith
  • Lilibeo e i suoi culti
    Nuovi esempi dalla ricerca archeologica
    Rossella Giglio
  • Large Temples as Cultural Banners in Western Sicily
    Margaret M. Miles
  • Close Encounters on Sicily
    Molech, Meilichios, and Religious Convergence at Selinus
    Sarah Morris
  • The Temple of Astarte “Aglaia” at Motya and Its Cultural Significance in the Mediterranean Realm
    Lorenzo Nigro
  • Venere del Mare: Testimonianze del culto nel trapanese
    Francesca Oliveri
  • Hittite Prayers and Their Mesopotamian Models
    Elisabeth Rieken
  • Mythological Passages in Hittite Rituals
    Susanne Görke
  • Religious Convergence in Hittite Anatolia
    The Case of Kizzuwatna
    Amir Gilan
  • The Arzawa Rituals and Religious Production in Hattusa
    Billie Jean Collins
  • Survival of “Popular” Mythology
    From Hittite Mountain Man to Phrygian Mountain Mother
    Mary R. Bachvarova
  • Native Religious Traditions from a Lydian Perspective
    Annick Payne
  • Funerary Practices and Rituals on Sicily from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age (Sixth through Second Millennia BCE)
    Sebastiano Tusa
  • The Convergence of Guardian Statues in the Ancient World
    Top-Down or Bottom-Up?
    Christopher Athanasious Faraone
  • Across Traditions and beyond Boundaries
    The Masks of Carthage
    Adriano Orsingher
  • Greek Coins, Punic People
    An Iconographic Analysis of the Punic Coinage of Sicily
    José Miguel Puebla Morón
  • Ritual Practices, Food Offerings, and Animal Sacrifices
    Votive Deposits in the Temple of The Kothon (Motya)
    Federica Spagnoli
  • Romantic Receptions, or, The Aeginetan Sculptures’ Long March to Munich
    Louis A. Ruprecht
  • From Zalpuwa to Brauron
    Hittite-Greek Religious Convergence on the Black Sea
    Ian Rutherford
  • The Politics of Ritual Performance at Assyrian-Period Sam’al
    Local and Imperial Identity in the Katumuwa Mortuary Stele from Zincirli
    Virginia R. Herrmann
  • The Tonaia and Samian Identity
    Aaron Beck-Schachter
  • Sparta and Persia
    Rituals for Invading the Land of the Gods of Others
    Irene Polinskaya
  • Using Your Head
    Reading a “Local Style” Adapted for Foreign Ritual
    Kevin Dicus
  • Roman Empire and Roman Emperor
    Animal Sacrifice as an Instrument of Religious Convergence
    J. B. Rives
  • Subject Index
  • Ancient Sources Index

Author Biographies

Sandra Blakely, Emory University

Sandra Blakely is an associate professor in the Department of Classics at Emory University. She currently serves as president of the Society for Ancient Mediterranean Religions.

Billie Jean Collins

Billie Jean Collins is an adjunct lecturer in the Middle Eastern and South Asian Studies Department at Emory University and director of Lockwood Press.

Cover for Religious Convergence in the Ancient Mediterranean


November 8, 2019


Details about the available publication format: print


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